Mutton Sukha | Mansa Kasa | Mangsho Kosha

It is a common saying in Orissa and Bengal that people here live to eat and it stands true to this day. We love our food. We don’t have any particular choice of food and love to eat our veggies and meat equally. Mostly, we balance it out almost every day. If you see a typical oriya/bengali thali, it consists of rice, dal, salad, green leafy vegetable, one dry curry, one gravy, salad, curd , khata (equivalent of chutney) and fish fry (on a regular day) and mutton or chicken curry (on Saturday and Sunday). Sometime, prawn fry and prawn curry also become a part of the platter.

Well, mutton/mansa/mangsho definitely holds the highest place when it comes to consuming non veg. It has to be a part of marriage function, a part of family Sunday lunch or any other special occasion. Though, mutton curry or mansa jhola is what is prepared more regularly , people equally love their mansa kasa. Mansa Jhola has thin gravy which people love to eat with loads of rice while Mansa Kasa or Mangsho Kosha has a thick gravy or a gravy which is almost reduced to enhance its taste.

Well cooking mutton is no easy job. If you are making it like Mansa Jhola or mutton with gravy, it can easily be prepared in pressure cooker and it gets ready in 30 minutes. However, mangsho kosha or mansa kasa needs a lot of patience. The real taste comes out if you are cooking it in an earthern pot and the mutton is khasi. Oriya people will drool and salivate over khasi mansa jhola or khasi mansa kasa.
Khasi Mansa is a male goat whose testicles have been surgically removed and people claim that it tastes much much better.

And friends, the trend these days is to have Mansa Kasa with Pitha or Chakuli. If you have not tried it yet, I think this has to be in your to do items for next Sunday.

What You Need:

Mutton 1 kilo nicely cleaned and fat removed if possible
2 Onion cut into julians
3 onions + 1 inch ginger + 15 garlic pods + 3 green chili + 1 tsp roasted cumin + 1tsp roasted coriander + 3 cardamom + 1 cinnamon + 3 cloved ground to fine paste
4 tomatoes blend to puree
4 tbsp mustard oil ( very very critical to recipe to give the authentic kasa taste)
1 tsp sugar
Salt to taste
1 tsp turmeric powder
1 tsp red chili powder
1 dry red chili
2 bay leaf
2 or 3 medium size potatoes cut into 4 parts each
Coriander leaves for garnishing
Juice of 1 lemon

Steps To Prepare :

Marinate mutton in lemon, salt and turmeric powder for 30 minutes.

Heat oil in a heavy base pan till smoking point. Reduce temperature. If you have an earthen pot, then cooking mutton in it will elevate its taste.

Once, temperature is reduced, add sugar to it. This will give a nice color to the curry at the end.
Add bay leaf, dry red chili and cut onions. Cook till onions turns light brown.

Add the onion paste at this point and cook nicely on high flame till the onion is well cooked.

Next add the tomato puree to it.
It needs to be cooked extremely well. This is why we call it Kasa. Cooking masala needs to be done with patience and without burning. Add few drops of water while cooking if you think your gravy is burning.

Add mutton marinated with salt and turmeric powder to the paste.
Mix it nicely so the mutton is well coated with spices.
Cook it on slow flame for 15 minutes.

At the same time, cook potatoes with skin on in 1 tsp mustard  oil to give it a nice golden color.

Add half littre water to the mutton being cooked,check salt,cover and cook for 5 minutes more.
Now add the potato pieces, add about 2 cups of water additionally. cover and cook till mutton is nicely cooked, gravy is reduced completely and you have a nice aromatic mutton Kasa or Kosha.

Serve with onion, lemon wedges and chakuli pitha. 
Garnish with fresh coriander leaves chopped

Note: Traditionally, people dont like to add tomatoes to it. However, adding tomatoes does not harm either.


  1. Thanks for dropping by my blog,you have amazing recipes here.

  2. Thanx Soma for visiting my blog..i lov mutton than chicken,really liked ur recipe,will giv it a try,sounds delicious...

  3. Wow this dish looks too good..very new to me..

  4. Wow Soma, I have been craving for this a long time. Will try this recipe this weekend. Cheers!!

  5. Thank You Romeo.. Let me know if you liked it ..

  6. Looks very delicious mutton . love it